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What is the meaning of the Islamic concept of zakat al-fitr?

Zakat al-fitr is a concept in Islam that refers to the obligatory charity that Muslims are required to give at the end of the month of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. The word "zakat" means purification, growth, and blessings, while "fitr" means breaking the fast.

Zakat al-fitr is intended to be a means of purifying one's wealth and sharing it with those who are less fortunate, as well as helping to provide for the basic needs of the poor and needy during the holiday of Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan.

The amount of zakat al-fitr is typically calculated based on the current market value of staple food items, such as wheat, rice, and dates, and is usually equivalent to a specified weight of one of these foods per person in the household. The zakat al-fitr must be given before the Eid prayer, and is typically distributed through charitable organizations or directly to the poor and needy.

Zakat al-fitr is a separate obligation from the regular zakat that Muslims are required to give on an annual basis, and is intended to be a way of demonstrating one's gratitude to Allah for the blessings of Ramadan and showing solidarity with the less fortunate members of the community.
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