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What is the Hindu concept of the Atman?

The Hindu concept of the Atman is the idea of the individual self or soul that is believed to be eternal, unchanging, and indestructible. According to Hindu philosophy, the Atman is the true self that is distinct from the physical body and mind.

The concept of the Atman is central to Hinduism and is one of the main ideas of the Upanishads, which are ancient Hindu texts that explore the nature of reality and the self. According to the Upanishads, the Atman is the innermost essence of a person, and it is identical to the ultimate reality of the universe, which is referred to as Brahman.

The Atman is seen as the source of consciousness, and it is believed to be present in all living beings, from the smallest insects to the largest animals. It is also seen as the ultimate goal of human existence, as the attainment of self-realization or enlightenment involves realizing the true nature of the Atman.

The concept of the Atman is often contrasted with the physical body and mind, which are seen as impermanent and subject to change. According to Hindu philosophy, the body and mind are simply vehicles for the Atman to experience the world, and they are ultimately discarded at death.

The idea of the Atman has important implications for Hindu ethics and morality, as it emphasizes the interconnectedness of all living beings and the importance of treating others with compassion and respect. It also has implications for the practice of yoga and meditation, as these practices are seen as a means of realizing the true nature of the Atman and attaining enlightenment.
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