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What is the Hindu concept of maya?

In Hinduism, the concept of maya refers to the illusionary nature of the material world, and the idea that the physical reality we experience is not the ultimate reality. Maya is a Sanskrit word that means "illusion," and it is used to describe the world of appearances, which is believed to be a veil that prevents us from seeing the true nature of things.

According to Hindu philosophy, the material world is constantly changing, and nothing in it is permanent or eternal. This constant flux and change create the illusion of a stable reality, which we perceive as the physical world. This illusion is said to be created by the mind, which projects its own ideas and concepts onto the world, creating a distorted view of reality.

The concept of maya is closely linked to the idea of duality, which is the belief that the universe is divided into pairs of opposites, such as light and dark, good and evil, pleasure and pain, and so on. Maya is said to create the illusion of duality, causing us to see things in terms of opposites and to cling to one side or the other.

The ultimate goal of Hindu spirituality is to transcend the illusion of maya and attain enlightenment, which is the state of seeing the true nature of reality. This requires detachment from the material world and the cultivation of spiritual practices such as meditation, yoga, and self-inquiry.

In summary, the concept of maya is an essential element of Hindu philosophy, describing the illusionary nature of the material world and the need to transcend it to attain spiritual realization.
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